Basics of Product Testing Processes
Most products are made from the industries. Drugs, cosmetics, electrical goods, hardware and others in that category are some of the products we use from the industries. These products are made from different raw materials. Having been manufactured from different sources, the effects of these products to the environment might be unknown. For this reason, the government has made it compulsory for all products to go through product testing.
Product testing is also called comparative testing or consumer testing. Product testing involves doing a number of tests on products before they can be released to the public for use. Since sometimes it is impossible to test every product, a representative sample is used for testing. The overall rating of the products is, therefore, the results of the selected samples on the tests they were subjected to. Any product you see in the market has already undergone a number of tests before it was allowed into the market. We now look at some tests done on consumer products prior to their consumption.
Firstly, there are a series of tests done specifically for products like food, drugs and cosmetics. These products are first of all tested on animals before any trial on human subjects. A manufacturer testing any product on any animals has to give an assurance of protecting the test animals. There then is made an assumption that the effects of the drug, food or cosmetic on the animal will be similar to those in human subjects and general consumers. An animal will then be given both oral and dermal tests of the product. Oral tests are for testing the effects of the product on humans and animals when ingested. The other tests are dermal tests which are performed on animals to test the effect of the products on the skin of the users. Human subject testing is then done after the product has passed the tests on animals.
For products that we do not consume, the tests are not done on animals. Vehicles, mobile phones, televisions, utensils and other like items are examples in this category. Based on the uses of these products, the tests done on them vary from item to item. Simulation of the real environments for use of these products are used to conduct these tests. A replica of the stresses and other dynamics of the product while in use are made and then subjected to the tests. Light, noise, wind, vibrations and other stresses are examples of the test parameters used to test these products.
Before any product is released to the market for public use, it has to be subjected to environmental tests. How harmful the product of its remains are to the environment has to be established through tests before the release of the product. Decomposition of the products as well as the release of any harmful gases are the things environmental tests focus on. No product is allowed into the market if it fails the environmental test.